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Displaying items by tag: hakka
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Marga CÉN [GIM]

  • Published in Marga

CÉN [GIM]

Mandarin: Cén; Hokkian: Gim;

Tiociu: Ngim; Hakka: Chem; Konghu:Svm

Ejaan Hokkian lama di Indonesia: Gim, Giem;

Ejaan Konghu lama di Indonesia: Sam

Pusat leluhur: Nanyang 南阳

(Sekarang propinsi Henan 河南)

Nomor urut pada Tabel Utama: 12

Nomor urut pada Baijiaxing: 67

 

Zhou Wenwang [Ciu Bun Ong] 周文王 mengangkat adiknya yang tidak seibu menjadi Cenzi 岑子 [Gimcu] dan berkuasa di daerah Cen [Gim] 岑. Turunannya kemudian menggunakan sne Cen [Gim] 岑. Daerah itu adalah kabupaten Hancheng [Han Snia] 韩城, propinsi Shaanxi [Siam Sai] 陕西 sekarang. Karena itu, dari sinilah orang sne Cen berasal.

Kemudian di Nanyang 南阳 [Lam Yang], propinsi Henan [Ho Lam] 河南, juga muncul banyak orang sne Cen.Tempat inilah yang menjadi pusat leluhur orang Han yang bersne Cen. Sedang di Tiongkok Selatan, yang menggunakan sne Cen kebanyakan adalah minoritas non-Han. Di Guangxi [Knui Sai]广西 sekarang, masih ada tempat yang bernama Cenqi [Gim Khe] 岑溪.Dan di propinsi Guizhou [Kui Ciu] 贵州, ada tempat yang bernama Cengong [Gim Kiong] 岑巩. Dua propinsi tersebut banyak dihuni suku non-Han.

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Marga Cao ( Co )

  • Published in Marga

CÁO [CO]

Mandarin: Cáo; Hokkian: Co;

Tiociu: Chao; Hakka: Chao; Konghu: Chou

Ejaan Hokkian lama di Indonesia: Tjo

Pusat leluhur: Qiaojun 谯郡

(Sekarang propinsi Anhui 安徽)

Nomor urut pada Tabel Utama: 11

Nomor urut pada Baijiaxing: 26

 

Cao [Co] 曹 merupakan sne yang mempunyai berbagai sumber, di antaranya:

  1. Merupakan keturunan langsung dari Kaisar Zhuan Xu [Cuan Hiok] 颛顼 zaman Wu Di [Ngou Te] 五帝 (Lima Kaisar). Seorang anak dari turunan Kaisar Zhuan Xu, Lu Zhong [Liok Ciong] 陆终, yang bernama An [An] 安, diangkat Zhou Wuwang [Ciu Bu Ong] 周武王 sebagai penguasa di Cao [Co] 曹.Setelah Cao dihancurkan oleh negara Chu [Chou] 楚, keturunannya menggunakan Cao [Co] 曹 sebagai sne.
  2. Adik Zhou Wuwang [Ciu Bu Ong] 周武王, anak Zhou Wenwang [Ciu Bun Ong] 周文王 yang bernama Shu Zhenduo [Siok Cin Tok] 叔振铎, diangkat sebagai raja muda di Cao [Co] 曹. Keturunannya menggunakan Cao sebagai sne.Sekarang Cao ada di wilayah propinsi Shandong [Snua Tang] 山东.
  3. Anak Liok Ciong yang bernama An diangkat menjadi raja muda di Zhu [Cu] 邾, bukan di Cao [Co] 曹.Setelah Zhu dihancurkan oleh negara Chu [Chou] 楚, keturunannya menggunakan sne Co. Kedengarannya memang agak aneh, sebab sumber lain menyebutkan keturunannya menggunakan sne Zhu [Cu] 朱, sebagaimana lazimnya menggunakan nama negara sebagai sne. Hal ini bisa kita tarik kesimpulan, bahwa sne Cao [Co] 曹 dan Zhu [Cu] 朱 merupakan keturunan dari orang yang sama. Dengan kata lain, sne Cao dan Zhu adalah satu keluarga.
  4. Orang-orang dari negara Cao [Co] 曹, yang terletak di Samarkand Uzbekistan sekarang, merupakan negara di bawah naungan Dinasti Tang [Tong] 唐.Penduduknya banyak yang datang dan menetap di Tiongkok kemudian menggunakan nama negaranya Cao sebagai sne.
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Marga Cao ( Co )

  • Published in Marga

CÁO [CO]

Mandarin: Cáo; Hokkian: Co;

Tiociu: Chao; Hakka: Chao; Konghu: Chou

Ejaan Hokkian lama di Indonesia: Tjo

Pusat leluhur: Qiaojun 谯郡

(Sekarang propinsi Anhui 安徽)

Nomor urut pada Tabel Utama: 11

Nomor urut pada Baijiaxing: 26

 

Cao [Co] 曹 merupakan sne yang mempunyai berbagai sumber, di antaranya:

  1. Merupakan keturunan langsung dari Kaisar Zhuan Xu [Cuan Hiok] 颛顼 zaman Wu Di [Ngou Te] 五帝 (Lima Kaisar). Seorang anak dari turunan Kaisar Zhuan Xu, Lu Zhong [Liok Ciong] 陆终, yang bernama An [An] 安, diangkat Zhou Wuwang [Ciu Bu Ong] 周武王 sebagai penguasa di Cao [Co] 曹.Setelah Cao dihancurkan oleh negara Chu [Chou] 楚, keturunannya menggunakan Cao [Co] 曹 sebagai sne.
  2. Adik Zhou Wuwang [Ciu Bu Ong] 周武王, anak Zhou Wenwang [Ciu Bun Ong] 周文王 yang bernama Shu Zhenduo [Siok Cin Tok] 叔振铎, diangkat sebagai raja muda di Cao [Co] 曹. Keturunannya menggunakan Cao sebagai sne.Sekarang Cao ada di wilayah propinsi Shandong [Snua Tang] 山东.
  3. Anak Liok Ciong yang bernama An diangkat menjadi raja muda di Zhu [Cu] 邾, bukan di Cao [Co] 曹.Setelah Zhu dihancurkan oleh negara Chu [Chou] 楚, keturunannya menggunakan sne Co. Kedengarannya memang agak aneh, sebab sumber lain menyebutkan keturunannya menggunakan sne Zhu [Cu] 朱, sebagaimana lazimnya menggunakan nama negara sebagai sne. Hal ini bisa kita tarik kesimpulan, bahwa sne Cao [Co] 曹 dan Zhu [Cu] 朱 merupakan keturunan dari orang yang sama. Dengan kata lain, sne Cao dan Zhu adalah satu keluarga.
  4. Orang-orang dari negara Cao [Co] 曹, yang terletak di Samarkand Uzbekistan sekarang, merupakan negara di bawah naungan Dinasti Tang [Tong] 唐.Penduduknya banyak yang datang dan menetap di Tiongkok kemudian menggunakan nama negaranya Cao sebagai sne.
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Marga Zhan ( Ciam )

  • Published in Marga

ZHĀN [CIAM]

Mandarin: Zhān; Hokkian: Ciam;

Tiociu: Ciam; Hakka: Cam; Konghu: Cim

Ejaan Hokkian lama di Indonesia: Tjiam

Pusat leluhur: Hejian 河间

(Sekarang propinsi Shanxi 山西)

Nomor urut pada Tabel Utama: 256

Nomor urut pada Baijiaxing: 254

 

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Marga ZĒNG [CAN]

  • Published in Marga
ZĒNG [CAN]

Mandarin: Zēng; Hokkian: Can;

Tiociu: Cang; Hakka: Cen; Konghu: Cvng

Ejaan Hokkian lama di Indonesia: Tjan

Pusat leluhur: Luguo 鲁国

(Sekarang propinsi Shandong 山东)

Nomor urut pada Tabel Utama: 254

Nomor urut pada Baijiaxing: 385

 

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MARGA Cai ( Chua )

  • Published in Marga

Mandarin: Cài; Hokkian: Chua;

Tiociu: Chua; Hakka: Chai; Kanton: Choi

Ejaan Hokkian lama di Indonesia: Tjoa

Pusat leluhur: Jiyang 济阳

(Sekarang propinsi Shandong 山东)

Nomor urut pada Tabel Utama: 10

Nomor urut pada Baijiaxing: 155

 

Zhou Wuwang [Ciu Bu Ong] 周武王 berhasil menjatuhkan Dinasti Shang [Siang] 商 yang memang sudah lemah karena rajanya yang lalim, dengan sendirinya ia menjadi KaisarDinasti Zhou (1046–256 SM) yang baru dengan gelar Zhou Wuwang. Setelah Zhou Wuwang mangkat, anaknya yang masih kecil diangkat menjadi kaisar dengan gelar Zhou Chengwang [Ciu Seng Ong] 周成王, sedang kekuasaan dipegang oleh Zhougong Dan [Ciu Kong Tan] 周公旦.

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Orang Hakka dan Kebudayaan Hakka (3)

3. Intermarriage/ Percampuran Orang Hakka dengan Pribumi Tiongkok 

Budaya-Tionghoa.Net | Komposisi utama orang Hakka adalah orang Han utara yang datang ke Tiongkok selatan. Sedang bagian utama budaya Hakka adalah warisan dari budaya Zhongyuan (Tionggoan - Hokkian). Meskipun bagian utama baik dari segi genetik dan budaya adalah turunan dari orang Han Zhongyuan, namun orang Hakka dalam migrasi ke selatan menetap. Dan menyerap budaya serta melakukan percampuran/ intermariagge dengan suku bangsa Yue yakni suku bangsa pribumi Tiongkok selatan, juga dengan suku She 畲族 dan suku Yao 瑶. Yang paling penting adalah telah menyerap dan bercampur baur baik dengan budaya suku She.

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Orang Hakka dan Kebudayaan Hakka (2)

2. Migrasi Besar yang Dialami oleh Leluhur Orang Hakka

Photo: http://gzdaily.dayoo.com/html/2007-10/22/content_79960.htm
Peta penyebaran Hakka

Peta Penyebaran Orang Hakka

Sumber : http://gzdaily.dayoo.com/html/2007-10/22/content_79960.htm

So, leluhur orang Hakka sebenarnya mengalami berapa kali migrasi ke selatan Tiongkok? Sampai sekarang di dunia akademisi belum terdapat kesimpulan yang pasti. Luo Xianglin yang merupakan peneliti Sejarah Hakka mengemukakan hipotesisnya, yakni orang Hakka melakukan 5 kali migrasi besar. Tapi ada akademisi lainnya beranggapan orang Hakka telah melakukan 6 kali migrasi besar.

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Chipa, Arak Beras dan Jahe Dongzhi

  • Published in Kuliner

Photo: Chipa / Kaloci - Foto milik Novianto Tan

 

Chipa - Foto milik Novianto Tan

Budaya-Tionghoa.Net | Tradisi Orang Hakka pada perayaan Dongzhi atau yang dalam bahasa Hakka disebut Tung Ciet (冬节) adalah membuat Chipa, arak beras dan jahe Dongzhi.

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Orang Hakka dan Kebudayaan Hakka (1)

  • Published in Diaspora

Orang Hakka dan Kebudayaan Hakka

1. Orang Hakka dan Penyebarannya

Budaya-Tionghoa.Net | Orang Hakka merupakan salah satu dari sub etnis Han Chinese yang sangat memiliki ciri khas atau spesifik. Orang Hakka merupakan Orang Han utara yang berdiaspora secara berangsur-angsur dari wilayah utara sungai Huanghe menuju ke selatan tiongkok pada abad ke 4 (dinasti Jin Barat akhir), abad ke ke 9 akhir (dinasty Tang akhir), dan abad ke 13 (dinasti Song Selatan akhir) untuk menghindari bencana peperangan.

Foto : Gadis Hakka (sumber : http://baike.soso.com/v7669997.htm )

 

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Deprecated: Non-static method NSP_GK4_Utils::cutText() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/budayati/public_html/web2/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/tmpl/layout.parts.php on line 428

Deprecated: Non-static method NSP_GK4_Utils::cutText() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/budayati/public_html/web2/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/tmpl/layout.parts.php on line 423

Deprecated: Non-static method NSP_GK4_Utils::cutText() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/budayati/public_html/web2/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/tmpl/layout.parts.php on line 428

Deprecated: Non-static method NSP_GK4_Utils::cutText() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/budayati/public_html/web2/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/tmpl/layout.parts.php on line 423

Deprecated: Non-static method NSP_GK4_Utils::cutText() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/budayati/public_html/web2/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/tmpl/layout.parts.php on line 428

Deprecated: Non-static method NSP_GK4_Utils::cutText() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/budayati/public_html/web2/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/tmpl/layout.parts.php on line 423

Deprecated: Non-static method NSP_GK4_Utils::cutText() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/budayati/public_html/web2/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/tmpl/layout.parts.php on line 428

Sejarah


Strict Standards: Only variables should be assigned by reference in /home/budayati/public_html/web2/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/helper.php on line 548

Deprecated: Non-static method NSP_GK4_Utils::cutText() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/budayati/public_html/web2/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/tmpl/layout.parts.php on line 428

Deprecated: Non-static method NSP_GK4_Utils::cutText() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/budayati/public_html/web2/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/tmpl/layout.parts.php on line 428

Deprecated: Non-static method NSP_GK4_Utils::cutText() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/budayati/public_html/web2/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/tmpl/layout.parts.php on line 428

Deprecated: Non-static method NSP_GK4_Utils::cutText() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/budayati/public_html/web2/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/tmpl/layout.parts.php on line 428

Deprecated: Non-static method NSP_GK4_Utils::cutText() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/budayati/public_html/web2/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/tmpl/layout.parts.php on line 428

Deprecated: Non-static method NSP_GK4_Utils::cutText() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/budayati/public_html/web2/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/tmpl/layout.parts.php on line 428

Deprecated: Non-static method NSP_GK4_Utils::cutText() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/budayati/public_html/web2/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/tmpl/layout.parts.php on line 428

Deprecated: Non-static method NSP_GK4_Utils::cutText() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/budayati/public_html/web2/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/tmpl/layout.parts.php on line 428

Budaya


Strict Standards: Only variables should be assigned by reference in /home/budayati/public_html/web2/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/helper.php on line 548

Deprecated: Non-static method NSP_GK4_Utils::cutText() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/budayati/public_html/web2/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/tmpl/layout.parts.php on line 428

Deprecated: Non-static method NSP_GK4_Utils::cutText() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/budayati/public_html/web2/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/tmpl/layout.parts.php on line 428

Deprecated: Non-static method NSP_GK4_Utils::cutText() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/budayati/public_html/web2/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/tmpl/layout.parts.php on line 428

Deprecated: Non-static method NSP_GK4_Utils::cutText() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/budayati/public_html/web2/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/tmpl/layout.parts.php on line 428

Deprecated: Non-static method NSP_GK4_Utils::cutText() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/budayati/public_html/web2/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/tmpl/layout.parts.php on line 428

Deprecated: Non-static method NSP_GK4_Utils::cutText() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/budayati/public_html/web2/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/tmpl/layout.parts.php on line 428

Deprecated: Non-static method NSP_GK4_Utils::cutText() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/budayati/public_html/web2/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/tmpl/layout.parts.php on line 428

Deprecated: Non-static method NSP_GK4_Utils::cutText() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/budayati/public_html/web2/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/tmpl/layout.parts.php on line 428

Tionghoa


Strict Standards: Only variables should be assigned by reference in /home/budayati/public_html/web2/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/helper.php on line 548

Deprecated: Non-static method NSP_GK4_Utils::cutText() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/budayati/public_html/web2/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/tmpl/layout.parts.php on line 428

Deprecated: Non-static method NSP_GK4_Utils::cutText() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/budayati/public_html/web2/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/tmpl/layout.parts.php on line 428

Deprecated: Non-static method NSP_GK4_Utils::cutText() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/budayati/public_html/web2/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/tmpl/layout.parts.php on line 428

Deprecated: Non-static method NSP_GK4_Utils::cutText() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/budayati/public_html/web2/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/tmpl/layout.parts.php on line 428

Deprecated: Non-static method NSP_GK4_Utils::cutText() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/budayati/public_html/web2/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/tmpl/layout.parts.php on line 428

Deprecated: Non-static method NSP_GK4_Utils::cutText() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/budayati/public_html/web2/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/tmpl/layout.parts.php on line 428

Deprecated: Non-static method NSP_GK4_Utils::cutText() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/budayati/public_html/web2/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/tmpl/layout.parts.php on line 428

Deprecated: Non-static method NSP_GK4_Utils::cutText() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/budayati/public_html/web2/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/tmpl/layout.parts.php on line 428

Seni


Strict Standards: Only variables should be assigned by reference in /home/budayati/public_html/web2/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/helper.php on line 548

Deprecated: Non-static method NSP_GK4_Utils::cutText() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/budayati/public_html/web2/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/tmpl/layout.parts.php on line 428

Deprecated: Non-static method NSP_GK4_Utils::cutText() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/budayati/public_html/web2/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/tmpl/layout.parts.php on line 428

Deprecated: Non-static method NSP_GK4_Utils::cutText() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/budayati/public_html/web2/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/tmpl/layout.parts.php on line 428

Deprecated: Non-static method NSP_GK4_Utils::cutText() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/budayati/public_html/web2/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/tmpl/layout.parts.php on line 428

Filsafat


Strict Standards: Only variables should be assigned by reference in /home/budayati/public_html/web2/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/helper.php on line 548

Deprecated: Non-static method NSP_GK4_Utils::cutText() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/budayati/public_html/web2/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/tmpl/layout.parts.php on line 428

Deprecated: Non-static method NSP_GK4_Utils::cutText() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/budayati/public_html/web2/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/tmpl/layout.parts.php on line 428

Deprecated: Non-static method NSP_GK4_Utils::cutText() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/budayati/public_html/web2/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/tmpl/layout.parts.php on line 428

Deprecated: Non-static method NSP_GK4_Utils::cutText() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/budayati/public_html/web2/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/tmpl/layout.parts.php on line 428

Sains


Strict Standards: Only variables should be assigned by reference in /home/budayati/public_html/web2/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/helper.php on line 548

Deprecated: Non-static method NSP_GK4_Utils::cutText() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/budayati/public_html/web2/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/tmpl/layout.parts.php on line 428

Deprecated: Non-static method NSP_GK4_Utils::cutText() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/budayati/public_html/web2/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/tmpl/layout.parts.php on line 428

Deprecated: Non-static method NSP_GK4_Utils::cutText() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/budayati/public_html/web2/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/tmpl/layout.parts.php on line 428

Deprecated: Non-static method NSP_GK4_Utils::cutText() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/budayati/public_html/web2/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/tmpl/layout.parts.php on line 428

Esai & Opini


Strict Standards: Only variables should be assigned by reference in /home/budayati/public_html/web2/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/helper.php on line 548

Deprecated: Non-static method NSP_GK4_Utils::cutText() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/budayati/public_html/web2/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/tmpl/layout.parts.php on line 428

Deprecated: Non-static method NSP_GK4_Utils::cutText() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/budayati/public_html/web2/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/tmpl/layout.parts.php on line 428

Deprecated: Non-static method NSP_GK4_Utils::cutText() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/budayati/public_html/web2/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/tmpl/layout.parts.php on line 428

Deprecated: Non-static method NSP_GK4_Utils::cutText() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/budayati/public_html/web2/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/tmpl/layout.parts.php on line 428

Resensi Buku


Strict Standards: Only variables should be assigned by reference in /home/budayati/public_html/web2/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/helper.php on line 548

Deprecated: Non-static method NSP_GK4_Utils::cutText() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/budayati/public_html/web2/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/tmpl/layout.parts.php on line 198

Deprecated: Non-static method NSP_GK4_Utils::cutText() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/budayati/public_html/web2/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/tmpl/layout.parts.php on line 198

Album Foto


Strict Standards: Only variables should be assigned by reference in /home/budayati/public_html/web2/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/helper.php on line 548

Deprecated: Non-static method NSP_GK4_Utils::cutText() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/budayati/public_html/web2/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/tmpl/layout.parts.php on line 198

Deprecated: Non-static method NSP_GK4_Utils::cutText() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/budayati/public_html/web2/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/tmpl/layout.parts.php on line 198