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Istilah Kangouw
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Istilah Kangouw

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Budaya-Tionghoa.Net | Apa yang dimaksud kang aw alias jianghu 江湖 . Ada yang bilang kalu istilah kang aw itu istilah dari taoism yang pernah disebut-sebut oleh Zhuangzi. Nah masyarakat Tiongkok dimasa lampau boleh dibilang masyarakat yang dibentuk oleh norma-norma Confucianisme.

ARTIKEL TERKAIT :

{module [201]}

Jianghu seperti antitesis dari norma-norma Confucianisme dan itu ada di masyarakat dengan sendirinya . Singkatnya , masyarakat yang anti kemapanan atau masyarakat yang ingin bebas keluar dari kungkungan . Hanya karena cerita silat , film silat dan sejenisnya seolah-olah yang namanya kang aw itu kemana-mana menenteng pedang atau golok.

Dalam cerita silat juga bisa digambarkan seorang gadis atau wanita berkelana didunia kang aw , yang bisa pergi kemana-mana tanpa dipingit dan kakinya tidak terikat (foot-binding) . Artinya mereka melawan kemapanan dari suatu masyarakat seperti karakter Huang Rong atau Oey Yong dan karakter sejenisnya.

Kaipang atau para pengemis dalam sejarahnya memang benar-benar ada. Di masa Dinasti Song , beberapa orang "pengemis" membentuk suatu perkumpulan untuk melindungi sesama "pengemis" yang juga sekaligus untuk menghantam kekuatan Jin [Jin kelak menjelma menjadi Later Jin dan Qing]. Manuver serupa juga ditujukan saat berhadapan dengan penguasa Yuan-Mongol.

Jadi yang namanya cerita Jin Yong itu ada landasan sejarahnya walaupun dipoles sampai sedemikian hebohnya. Zhu Yuanzhang menjadi mbah atau dewanya para "pengemis". Hal itu bisa dilihat di Taiwan. (Di Taiwan sendiri ada "pengemis" yang biasanya muncul saat ada kematian).

Jadi kang-aw adalah suatu kelompok masyarakat yang berada diluar sistem . Bisa merupakan orang yang menarik diri dari kelompok masyarakat yang sudah ada dan membentuk kelompok sendiri yang hidup "bebas" atau xiao yao.

Istilah bahwa jianghu atau kang-aw itu dunia kaum bajak sungai terlalu melenceng. Dimasa Dinasti Han saja istilah "jianghu" sempat mengacu kepada kaum perampok dan istilah rimba hijau juga mengacu kepada masa dinasti Han dimana ada segerombolan pemberontak yang mau melepaskan diri dari pemerintah pusat.

Sekali lagi jianghu adalah anti kemapanan , golongan yang mengikuti intuisi dan impulsif dan mengalir. Kalau dimasa sekarang seperti kita mengembara dengan jalan kaki , sepeda atau motor atau mobil kesana kemari mengejar matahari , mengikuti intuisi dan impulsif.

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Seni


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Sains


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Deprecated: Non-static method NSP_GK4_Utils::cutText() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/budayati/public_html/web2/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/tmpl/layout.parts.php on line 428

Deprecated: Non-static method NSP_GK4_Utils::cutText() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/budayati/public_html/web2/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/tmpl/layout.parts.php on line 428

Deprecated: Non-static method NSP_GK4_Utils::cutText() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/budayati/public_html/web2/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/tmpl/layout.parts.php on line 428

Esai & Opini


Strict Standards: Only variables should be assigned by reference in /home/budayati/public_html/web2/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/helper.php on line 548

Deprecated: Non-static method NSP_GK4_Utils::cutText() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/budayati/public_html/web2/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/tmpl/layout.parts.php on line 428

Deprecated: Non-static method NSP_GK4_Utils::cutText() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/budayati/public_html/web2/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/tmpl/layout.parts.php on line 428

Deprecated: Non-static method NSP_GK4_Utils::cutText() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/budayati/public_html/web2/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/tmpl/layout.parts.php on line 428

Deprecated: Non-static method NSP_GK4_Utils::cutText() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/budayati/public_html/web2/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/tmpl/layout.parts.php on line 428

Resensi Buku


Strict Standards: Only variables should be assigned by reference in /home/budayati/public_html/web2/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/helper.php on line 548

Deprecated: Non-static method NSP_GK4_Utils::cutText() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/budayati/public_html/web2/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/tmpl/layout.parts.php on line 198

Deprecated: Non-static method NSP_GK4_Utils::cutText() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/budayati/public_html/web2/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/tmpl/layout.parts.php on line 198

Album Foto


Strict Standards: Only variables should be assigned by reference in /home/budayati/public_html/web2/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/helper.php on line 548

Deprecated: Non-static method NSP_GK4_Utils::cutText() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/budayati/public_html/web2/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/tmpl/layout.parts.php on line 198

Deprecated: Non-static method NSP_GK4_Utils::cutText() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/budayati/public_html/web2/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/tmpl/layout.parts.php on line 198

Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /home/budayati/public_html/web2/libraries/joomla/filter/input.php on line 652

Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /home/budayati/public_html/web2/libraries/joomla/filter/input.php on line 654