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Etnohistorikal Tiongkok : Shaojiang (Min)
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Etnohistorikal Tiongkok : Shaojiang (Min)

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Min Dialects

Foto Ilustrasi : Wikimedia

Dialek Shaojiang diperkirakan digunakan oleh 800 ribu orang di Tiongkok dan dapat dijumpai di kawasan barat Sungai Futunxi seperti Shaowu , Guangze , Jiangle dan Shunchang.[1]

Dialek ini memiliki beberapa karakteristik dialek Gan dan Hakka dan lebih banyak lagi karakter dialek Min. Dialek Shaojiang dianggap sebagai suatu dialek transisi antara Gan-Hakka dan Min. [2]

Secara teori , bukan dialek Min maupun Hakka ataupun Gan yang menjadi dasar dari dialek Shaojiang , tetapi bahasa kuno Baiyue yang sama bagi kawasan selatan Tiongkok dimasa kuno.

Karena interaksi dalam waktu lama ini maka dialek Shaojiang memiliki unsur Min , Hakka dan Gan.

Keluarga Bahasa

Alternative 1 : Sino-Tibetan - Min - Shaojiang [3]

Alternative 2 : Sino-Tibetan - Min - Minbei - Shaojiang

 

REFERENSI

James Olson  , (1998) , “An Ethnohistorical Dictionary of China” , Greenwood Press  

Kurpaska Maria , (2010)  “Chinese Languanges “



[1] Olson , p302

[2] Kurpaska , p86

[3] Olson ,   Op.Cit , p302

 

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