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Displaying items by tag: dewa
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TRADISI MENGANTAR DEWA DAPUR SEBAGAI SARANA PERBAIKAN DIRI ( BAG.1 )

TRADISI MENGANTAR

DEWA DAPUR

SEBAGAI SARANA PERBAIKAN DIRI

 

 

          Setiap budaya dan kepercayaan mengenal suatu sistem “penyesalan dan merevisi diri”.  Tujuannya agar membangun masyarakat yang tertib dan damai. Mengarahkan manusia agar mengingat kelakuannya dan merevisi diri. Tanpa adanya revisi dan penyesalan, manusia sulit untuk bergerak maju ke depan menuju lebih baik lagi dalam kehidupan dan kualitas hidup duniawinya. Sedangkan dari sudut spiritualitas dan religiusitas, laku “penyesalan dan revisi diri” meningkatkan spiritualitasnya.

            Buddhisme Mahayana Tiongkok dan Taoisme mengenal “doa penyesalan” 懺悔文.  Penyesalan menjadi amat penting dalam ritual maupun praktek kehidupan sehari-hari bagi manusia. Praktek ini diperlukan karena manusia memiliki nafsu-nafsu indriawi yang perlu dikontrol, selain itu manusia memiliki dasar-dasar kebaikan yang perlu dipupuk serta dipelihara. Jika perbuatan-perbuatan jahat yang merugikan orang lain itu tidak disadari dan disesali, maka hati manusia yang baik itu menjadi meredup dan lenyap. Nafsu-nafsu indirawi semakin menguat dan memperbudak diri manusia.

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Dewa Fazhugong 法主公

Dewa Fazhugong 法主公

Fazhugong gelarnya yang lengkap adalah Du Tian Dang Mo Jian Lei Yu Shi Zhang ShengFa Zhu Zhen Jun (都天荡魔监雷御史张圣法主真君) disingkat menjadi Fa Zhu Sheng Jun ( 法主圣君), Du Tian Sheng Jun ( 都天圣君) , biasa disebut dengan Fazhugong ( 法主公) ,orang Hakka menyebutnya sebagai " Shin Kiun Ya ( shengjunye 圣君爷). adalah salah satu dewa kepercayaan orang Han ( tionghoa ) didaerah Fujian, Taiwan, dan Guangdong sekitarnya,dan juga sebagai salah satu dewa yang dihormati dan dipuja dalam Taoisme mazhab Zhengyi ( 道教正一道) , dan ada juga orang memasukannya kedalam kelompok aliran Taoisme yang tercampur dengan buddhisme yakni aliran Lvshan (道教闾山派) . Umat di daerah Fujian dan Guangdong percaya bahwa dewa Fazhugong memiliki tugas sebagai dewa yang mewakili Hao Tian Shang Di ( Penguasa alam Dewa ) untuk mengawasi umat manusia, dimana setiap terjadi gerhana bulan akan melaporkan kejahatan dan kebaikan umat manusia di dunia ini ke istana langit, kemudian menghukum orang jahat, menangkap iblis jahat. Kepercayan kepada Dewa Fazhugong populer di daerah Fujian, terutama di Fuzhou, Quanzhou, Zhangzhou, serta daerah Guangdong seperti Chaozhou, Meizhou dll. Kepercayaan terhadap Fazhugong dimulai pada abad ke 17 dimana dimulai dari kota Anxi ( Fujian) kemudian menyebar ke Taiwan, terutama di kota Taipei. Kota Kaohsiung didistrik Meinong merupakan daerah yang utama bagi orang Hakka memuja dan percaya kepada dewa Fazhugong.

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Menyambut Rejeki (Kemakmuran) di Malam Tahun Baru Imlek

Menyambut Rejeki (Kemakmuran) di Malam Tahun Baru Imlek

 

Kita sering dengar “open house” pada saat perayaan-perayaan tertentu. Misalnya saat Imlek atau Idul Fitri, mereka dari kalangan yang mampu mengadakan “open house” bagi kaum fakir miskin. Mereka membagi-bagi rejeki kepada kaum fakir miskin, memang hal itu adalah hal yang baik. Karena melaksanakan amal dan membagi keuntungan yang didapat selama ini bagi kaum yang tidak mampu. Tapi dalam masyarakat Tionghoa ada satu tradisi yang mulai melenyap.

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Menjelajahi misteri ciamsi dan pwa pwee ( bag.2 tamat )

Ciamsie dan Pwapewe Sebagai Sarana Kehidupan dan Komunikasi

                Pada umumnya sebagian besar masyarakat Tionghoa dan juga para penganut kepercayaan Tionghoa tidak mengetahui secara jelas apa yang dimaksud dengan ciamsi 籤詩dan kiuciam/ qiuqian 求籤. Ciam artinya adalah batang bambu yang digunakan untuk divination. Kiu ciam adalah “memohon ciam” dan ciamsie adalah kertas hasil ciuciam yang isinya syair-syair.

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Uang dalam perspektif budaya dan filsafat Tionghoa ( bag.3 tamat )

Nilai dan guna dari uang

Orang Tionghoa mengenal pepatah “uang bukan serba bisa tapi tanpa uang berlaksa hal tidak bisa ( dikerjakan)” ( 錢不是萬能 沒錢萬萬不能 ). Jaman sekarang, masyarakat sudah terlalu mengagungkan materi. Segala sesuatu yang ada memiliki nilai sehingga seolah-olah tanpa uang tidak bisa hidup. Dalam literature klasik Tiongkok, sejak awal sudah ada pembahasan tentang “dewa uang”[1]. Tapi, yang disebut sebagai “dewa uang”, sebenarnya tidak sama seperti dewa dalam pandangan masyarakat pada umumnya. Sebenarnya , “dewa uang” itu menunjuk pada uang itu sendiri. “Dewa uang” hanya sebagai analogi dan simbol, lebih pada satu ekspresi masyarakat dan system terhadap pengejaran maupun mengidolakan pada kekayaan[2].

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Menghayati Kelenteng Sebagai Ekspresi Masyarakat ( bag.ketiga-tamat )

Gender di Kelenteng

 

Banyak kelenteng-kelenteng yang dipimpin oleh imam perempuan, umumnya ada di

kelenteng cai ci ( pendoa perempuan dari sub etnis Hakka ) atau juga kelenteng Buddhisme

maupun Taoisme, disebut an 庵. Didalam masyarakat paternalistic yang menjunjung kaum pria

dan menekan kaum perempuan, kelenteng Taoisme dan Buddhisme maupun kelenteng rakyat

bisa menjadi jalan kaum perempuan untuk keluar dari penindasan dan bisa mencapai kesetaraan

dengan pria, bahkan dalam beberapa posisi, kaum biarawati perempuan ini menduduki tempat

yang lebih tinggi dibandingkan kaum pria.

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Fa Zhugong

Dewa dalam konsep kepercayaan kelenteng yang sebenarnya tidak memiliki batasan suku, merupakan tokoh panutan yang harus kita teladani dan kita tiru perilakunya. Salah satu dewa yang layak kita tiru adalah ZhangShengZhenjun atau yang dikenal secara umum adalah Fa Zhu Gong.

 

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Agama Hua 華教 ( bagian 2 )

Budaya Tionghoa| 

Pada masa sebelumnya, rakyat jelata tidak boleh menyembah “Tuhan” atau Tian dan Di. Penempatan hiolo di rumah rakyat jelata utk sembahyang Tuhan disebarluaskan oleh orang-orang Ru kemudian diadopsi pula oleh Taoisme dan Buddhisme Rakyat. Penghormatan terhadap Yuhuang Shangdi yang dimulai pada dinasti Song dan bernafaskan Taoisme kemudian berkembang di rakyat jelata dan Yuhuang Shangdi menjadi Tuhan dalam agama Hua dengan hari lahirnya tanggal 9 bulan satu sesuai dengan kepercayaan Taoism. Hal yang paling menyolok terjadi di pulau Jawa, dimana banyak kelenteng yang akhirnya membangun pendopo 亭 untuk Yuhuang Shangdi di halaman depan kelenteng.

Di Asia Tenggara, banyak tempat ibadah agama Hua itu meminta lepas kasut saat memasuki altar, pengaruh ini didapat dari kebiasaan umat Islam.  Ditemukan pula beberapa yang menggunakan tempat pembakaran kemenyan yang bersanding dengan hiolo. Ini menunjukkan bahwa agama Hua mengabsorbsi kepercayaan setempat, tidak bersifat kaku dan memperlihatkan adanya tatanan kesukuan/ etnisitas ( misalnya penggunaan tebu dalam sembahyang ).

Selayaknya agama-agama lain, Agama Hua juga memiliki kitabnya. Banyak kitab agama Hua yang disusun melaliu sistem pemanggilan dewa/ mediumship. Contoh : 4 Nasehat Liao Fan 了凡四訓, Wu Gu Jing 五穀經. Selain itu juga mengadopsi kitab suci dari 3 ajaran utama, dan itu semua saling menyerap.

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Agama Hua 華教 ( bagian 1 )

Budaya-Tionghoa| Agama Hua  (華教 )

 

Catatan : Tulisan ini adalah hasil rangkuman Ratna Setianingrum dari seminar yang dibawakan oleh Ardian Cangianto di Semarang dengan judul “Mengenal Agama Hua”.

 

Mendengar istilah “agama Hua/Huá jiào, mau tidak mau teringat isi Inpres no.14/1967 tentang pelarangan kepercayaan orang cina. Mangapa istilah yang dipakai adalah kepercayaan dan bukannya agama? Hal ini disebabkan karena sejak berabad yang lampau di Tiongkok, religion atau agama menjadi dua bagian yang besar, yaitu : institutional religion dan diffused religon. Umumnya rakyat Tiongkok menganut diffused religion.

Dan suatu kepercayaan dapat diakui pemerintah Indonesia  sebagai “agama” bila dia memiliki kitab suci, memiliki nabi, percaya akan Tuhan,  berbicara tentang  alam kematian.  Konteks ini adalah konteks agama samawi dan pengertian agama di Indonesia pada masa Orde Baru. Pengertian agama yang menganut konsep barat inlah yang menyebabkan  banyak aliran kepercayaan yang ada di masyarakat Indonesia akhirnya tersisihkan.  

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Sebuah Meongan dari Balik Tirai Bambu - Kumpulan Mitos dan Legenda Kucing dari Negeri China (2)

ASAL USUL KUCING (Versi 2)
KUCING AND THE MASTER OF THE UNIVERSE

Budaya-Tionghoa.Net | Dikala usia bumi masih sangat hijau, tersebutlah satu bangsa yang menjadi pilihan dewa. Bukan, yang dimaksud bukan bangsa Israel. Bukan pula bangsa Arab, Yunani & apalagi bangsa Galia. Melainkan bangsa kucing! Ya, rupanya para dewapun kepincut juga dengan mahluk imut yang satu ini Hingga kepada merekalah dikaruniakan akal budi & kemampuan berbicara.

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Deprecated: Non-static method NSP_GK4_Utils::cutText() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/budayati/public_html/web2/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/tmpl/layout.parts.php on line 423

Deprecated: Non-static method NSP_GK4_Utils::cutText() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/budayati/public_html/web2/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/tmpl/layout.parts.php on line 428

Sejarah


Strict Standards: Only variables should be assigned by reference in /home/budayati/public_html/web2/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/helper.php on line 548

Deprecated: Non-static method NSP_GK4_Utils::cutText() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/budayati/public_html/web2/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/tmpl/layout.parts.php on line 428

Deprecated: Non-static method NSP_GK4_Utils::cutText() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/budayati/public_html/web2/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/tmpl/layout.parts.php on line 428

Deprecated: Non-static method NSP_GK4_Utils::cutText() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/budayati/public_html/web2/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/tmpl/layout.parts.php on line 428

Deprecated: Non-static method NSP_GK4_Utils::cutText() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/budayati/public_html/web2/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/tmpl/layout.parts.php on line 428

Deprecated: Non-static method NSP_GK4_Utils::cutText() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/budayati/public_html/web2/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/tmpl/layout.parts.php on line 428

Deprecated: Non-static method NSP_GK4_Utils::cutText() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/budayati/public_html/web2/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/tmpl/layout.parts.php on line 428

Deprecated: Non-static method NSP_GK4_Utils::cutText() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/budayati/public_html/web2/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/tmpl/layout.parts.php on line 428

Deprecated: Non-static method NSP_GK4_Utils::cutText() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/budayati/public_html/web2/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/tmpl/layout.parts.php on line 428

Budaya


Strict Standards: Only variables should be assigned by reference in /home/budayati/public_html/web2/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/helper.php on line 548

Deprecated: Non-static method NSP_GK4_Utils::cutText() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/budayati/public_html/web2/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/tmpl/layout.parts.php on line 428

Deprecated: Non-static method NSP_GK4_Utils::cutText() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/budayati/public_html/web2/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/tmpl/layout.parts.php on line 428

Deprecated: Non-static method NSP_GK4_Utils::cutText() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/budayati/public_html/web2/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/tmpl/layout.parts.php on line 428

Deprecated: Non-static method NSP_GK4_Utils::cutText() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/budayati/public_html/web2/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/tmpl/layout.parts.php on line 428

Deprecated: Non-static method NSP_GK4_Utils::cutText() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/budayati/public_html/web2/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/tmpl/layout.parts.php on line 428

Deprecated: Non-static method NSP_GK4_Utils::cutText() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/budayati/public_html/web2/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/tmpl/layout.parts.php on line 428

Deprecated: Non-static method NSP_GK4_Utils::cutText() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/budayati/public_html/web2/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/tmpl/layout.parts.php on line 428

Deprecated: Non-static method NSP_GK4_Utils::cutText() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/budayati/public_html/web2/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/tmpl/layout.parts.php on line 428

Tionghoa


Strict Standards: Only variables should be assigned by reference in /home/budayati/public_html/web2/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/helper.php on line 548

Deprecated: Non-static method NSP_GK4_Utils::cutText() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/budayati/public_html/web2/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/tmpl/layout.parts.php on line 428

Deprecated: Non-static method NSP_GK4_Utils::cutText() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/budayati/public_html/web2/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/tmpl/layout.parts.php on line 428

Deprecated: Non-static method NSP_GK4_Utils::cutText() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/budayati/public_html/web2/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/tmpl/layout.parts.php on line 428

Deprecated: Non-static method NSP_GK4_Utils::cutText() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/budayati/public_html/web2/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/tmpl/layout.parts.php on line 428

Deprecated: Non-static method NSP_GK4_Utils::cutText() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/budayati/public_html/web2/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/tmpl/layout.parts.php on line 428

Deprecated: Non-static method NSP_GK4_Utils::cutText() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/budayati/public_html/web2/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/tmpl/layout.parts.php on line 428

Deprecated: Non-static method NSP_GK4_Utils::cutText() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/budayati/public_html/web2/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/tmpl/layout.parts.php on line 428

Deprecated: Non-static method NSP_GK4_Utils::cutText() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/budayati/public_html/web2/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/tmpl/layout.parts.php on line 428

Seni


Strict Standards: Only variables should be assigned by reference in /home/budayati/public_html/web2/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/helper.php on line 548

Deprecated: Non-static method NSP_GK4_Utils::cutText() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/budayati/public_html/web2/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/tmpl/layout.parts.php on line 428

Deprecated: Non-static method NSP_GK4_Utils::cutText() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/budayati/public_html/web2/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/tmpl/layout.parts.php on line 428

Deprecated: Non-static method NSP_GK4_Utils::cutText() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/budayati/public_html/web2/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/tmpl/layout.parts.php on line 428

Deprecated: Non-static method NSP_GK4_Utils::cutText() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/budayati/public_html/web2/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/tmpl/layout.parts.php on line 428

Filsafat


Strict Standards: Only variables should be assigned by reference in /home/budayati/public_html/web2/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/helper.php on line 548

Deprecated: Non-static method NSP_GK4_Utils::cutText() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/budayati/public_html/web2/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/tmpl/layout.parts.php on line 428

Deprecated: Non-static method NSP_GK4_Utils::cutText() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/budayati/public_html/web2/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/tmpl/layout.parts.php on line 428

Deprecated: Non-static method NSP_GK4_Utils::cutText() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/budayati/public_html/web2/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/tmpl/layout.parts.php on line 428

Deprecated: Non-static method NSP_GK4_Utils::cutText() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/budayati/public_html/web2/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/tmpl/layout.parts.php on line 428

Sains


Strict Standards: Only variables should be assigned by reference in /home/budayati/public_html/web2/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/helper.php on line 548

Deprecated: Non-static method NSP_GK4_Utils::cutText() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/budayati/public_html/web2/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/tmpl/layout.parts.php on line 428

Deprecated: Non-static method NSP_GK4_Utils::cutText() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/budayati/public_html/web2/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/tmpl/layout.parts.php on line 428

Deprecated: Non-static method NSP_GK4_Utils::cutText() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/budayati/public_html/web2/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/tmpl/layout.parts.php on line 428

Deprecated: Non-static method NSP_GK4_Utils::cutText() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/budayati/public_html/web2/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/tmpl/layout.parts.php on line 428

Esai & Opini


Strict Standards: Only variables should be assigned by reference in /home/budayati/public_html/web2/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/helper.php on line 548

Deprecated: Non-static method NSP_GK4_Utils::cutText() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/budayati/public_html/web2/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/tmpl/layout.parts.php on line 428

Deprecated: Non-static method NSP_GK4_Utils::cutText() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/budayati/public_html/web2/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/tmpl/layout.parts.php on line 428

Deprecated: Non-static method NSP_GK4_Utils::cutText() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/budayati/public_html/web2/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/tmpl/layout.parts.php on line 428

Deprecated: Non-static method NSP_GK4_Utils::cutText() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/budayati/public_html/web2/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/tmpl/layout.parts.php on line 428

Resensi Buku


Strict Standards: Only variables should be assigned by reference in /home/budayati/public_html/web2/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/helper.php on line 548

Deprecated: Non-static method NSP_GK4_Utils::cutText() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/budayati/public_html/web2/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/tmpl/layout.parts.php on line 198

Deprecated: Non-static method NSP_GK4_Utils::cutText() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/budayati/public_html/web2/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/tmpl/layout.parts.php on line 198

Album Foto


Strict Standards: Only variables should be assigned by reference in /home/budayati/public_html/web2/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/helper.php on line 548

Deprecated: Non-static method NSP_GK4_Utils::cutText() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/budayati/public_html/web2/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/tmpl/layout.parts.php on line 198

Deprecated: Non-static method NSP_GK4_Utils::cutText() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/budayati/public_html/web2/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/tmpl/layout.parts.php on line 198