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Tionghoa Dungkek dan Pulau Sapudi (Pulau Madura) dan Makna Kubur Berbentuk Perahu ( bag. kedua.Tamat )

Tionghoa di Dungkek dan pulau Sapudi

Dungkek dan pulau Sepudi berada di wilayah sebelah timur pulau Madura dan masuk dalam kabupaten Sumenep. Tidak jelas kapan sejarah kedatangan Tionghoa ke pulau Madura, ada yang mengkaitkan dengan armada Tartar yang dikalahkan oleh Raden Wijaya dan juga pelarian dari kerusuhan Batavia 1740[1], semua itu adalah kemungkinan tapi ada factor lain yang perlu dipertimbangkan bahwa ada kemungkinan orang Tionghoa datang ke pulau Madura bukan sebagai pelarian atau juga keturunan tentara Tartar. Bisa ada kemungkinan mereka adalah pedagang perantara yang sudah bermukim sejak jaman sebelum dinasti Ming.

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Tionghoa Dungkek dan Pulau Sapudi (Pulau Madura) dan Makna Kubur Berbentuk Perahu ( bag. pertama )

Tionghoa Dungkek dan Pulau Sapudi (Pulau Madura) dan

Makna Kubur Berbentuk Perahu

Ardian Cangianto

ABSTRAK

            Kedatangan masyarakat Tionghoa ke Nusantara sudah berlangsung selama ribuan tahun lamanya dan hubungan antara Tiongkok dengan kerajaan-kerajaan Nusantara dicatat pertama kali dalam “Kronik Han”. Dengan adanya catatan itu menunjukkan berlangsungnya arus migrasi baik dari Nusantara maupun dari Tiongkok.

            Dalam perjalanan sejarah arus migrasi dari Tiongkok dan menetapnya mereka di Nusantara, tentunya terjadi asimilasi alamiah dan akulturasi orang-orang Tionghoa yang   menyimpan harapan dan keinginan dari kaum imigran Tiongkok yang menetap tersebut. Hal itu dapat kita lihat dalam ornament kelenteng maupun kuburan orang Tionghoa, dalam paper ini  akan diuraikan bentuk kuburan kaum Tionghoa di Dungkek dan pulau Sapudi yang amat unik dari bentuknya berupa perahu mengandung unsur pengharapan diterima secara utuh oleh masyarakat tempat mereka tinggal dengan tidak melupakan asal mereka.

Dari pengamatan terlihat adanya perubahan bentuk kuburan dari yang berornamen Tionghoa menjadi bentuk perahu dan kemudian ornament dan bentuk kuburan Tionghoa yang tidak berbentuk perahu lagi.  Dari bentuk kuburan itu dapat disimpulkan bahwa ada empat bentuk kuburan dan juga mewakili tiga masa walau tidak secara sepenuhnya dapat dikatakan harus seperti itu, dan bentuk perubahan dari yang bergaya Tiongkok maupun bergaya ‘modern’ atau makam bernuansa ‘Islam’, dapat menunjukkan kepercayaan mereka, tapi dari pengamatan makam berbentuk ‘perahu’ itu dapat dilihat bahwa ternyata hal itu tidak berlaku berdasarkan kepercayaan.

Bentuk kuburan seperti ‘perahu’ yang merapat itu bisa melambangkan pengharapan akan ketenangan dan penerimaan, juga asal muasal mereka adalah perantau melewati lautan dan mendarat di tanah yang baru.

Kata kunci : kubur, perahu, Madura, Sapudi, Dungkek.

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Orang Hakka dan Kebudayaan Hakka (3)

3. Intermarriage/ Percampuran Orang Hakka dengan Pribumi Tiongkok 

Budaya-Tionghoa.Net | Komposisi utama orang Hakka adalah orang Han utara yang datang ke Tiongkok selatan. Sedang bagian utama budaya Hakka adalah warisan dari budaya Zhongyuan (Tionggoan - Hokkian). Meskipun bagian utama baik dari segi genetik dan budaya adalah turunan dari orang Han Zhongyuan, namun orang Hakka dalam migrasi ke selatan menetap. Dan menyerap budaya serta melakukan percampuran/ intermariagge dengan suku bangsa Yue yakni suku bangsa pribumi Tiongkok selatan, juga dengan suku She 畲族 dan suku Yao 瑶. Yang paling penting adalah telah menyerap dan bercampur baur baik dengan budaya suku She.

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Sejarah


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Budaya


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Tionghoa


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Seni


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Deprecated: Non-static method NSP_GK4_Utils::cutText() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/budayati/public_html/web2/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/tmpl/layout.parts.php on line 428

Filsafat


Strict Standards: Only variables should be assigned by reference in /home/budayati/public_html/web2/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/helper.php on line 548

Deprecated: Non-static method NSP_GK4_Utils::cutText() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/budayati/public_html/web2/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/tmpl/layout.parts.php on line 428

Deprecated: Non-static method NSP_GK4_Utils::cutText() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/budayati/public_html/web2/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/tmpl/layout.parts.php on line 428

Deprecated: Non-static method NSP_GK4_Utils::cutText() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/budayati/public_html/web2/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/tmpl/layout.parts.php on line 428

Deprecated: Non-static method NSP_GK4_Utils::cutText() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/budayati/public_html/web2/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/tmpl/layout.parts.php on line 428

Sains


Strict Standards: Only variables should be assigned by reference in /home/budayati/public_html/web2/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/helper.php on line 548

Deprecated: Non-static method NSP_GK4_Utils::cutText() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/budayati/public_html/web2/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/tmpl/layout.parts.php on line 428

Deprecated: Non-static method NSP_GK4_Utils::cutText() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/budayati/public_html/web2/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/tmpl/layout.parts.php on line 428

Deprecated: Non-static method NSP_GK4_Utils::cutText() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/budayati/public_html/web2/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/tmpl/layout.parts.php on line 428

Deprecated: Non-static method NSP_GK4_Utils::cutText() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/budayati/public_html/web2/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/tmpl/layout.parts.php on line 428

Esai & Opini


Strict Standards: Only variables should be assigned by reference in /home/budayati/public_html/web2/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/helper.php on line 548

Deprecated: Non-static method NSP_GK4_Utils::cutText() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/budayati/public_html/web2/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/tmpl/layout.parts.php on line 428

Deprecated: Non-static method NSP_GK4_Utils::cutText() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/budayati/public_html/web2/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/tmpl/layout.parts.php on line 428

Deprecated: Non-static method NSP_GK4_Utils::cutText() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/budayati/public_html/web2/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/tmpl/layout.parts.php on line 428

Deprecated: Non-static method NSP_GK4_Utils::cutText() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/budayati/public_html/web2/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/tmpl/layout.parts.php on line 428

Resensi Buku


Strict Standards: Only variables should be assigned by reference in /home/budayati/public_html/web2/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/helper.php on line 548

Deprecated: Non-static method NSP_GK4_Utils::cutText() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/budayati/public_html/web2/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/tmpl/layout.parts.php on line 198

Deprecated: Non-static method NSP_GK4_Utils::cutText() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/budayati/public_html/web2/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/tmpl/layout.parts.php on line 198

Album Foto


Strict Standards: Only variables should be assigned by reference in /home/budayati/public_html/web2/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/helper.php on line 548

Deprecated: Non-static method NSP_GK4_Utils::cutText() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/budayati/public_html/web2/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/tmpl/layout.parts.php on line 198

Deprecated: Non-static method NSP_GK4_Utils::cutText() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/budayati/public_html/web2/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/tmpl/layout.parts.php on line 198